AN EARLY CRETACEOUS TELEOSAURID (CROCODYLOMORPHA: THALATTOSUCHIA) FROM COLOMBIA

Authors

  • Dirley Cortés Redpath Museum, McGill University, 859 Sherbrooke St. W., Montreal QC H3A 0C4, Canada. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa-Ancón 0843–03092, Panamá, Panamá. dirley.cortes@mail.mcgill.ca
  • Hans C. E. Larsson Redpath Museum, McGill University, 859 Sherbrooke St. W., Montreal QC H3A 0C4
  • Erin E. Maxwell Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde, Rosenstein 1, 70191 Stuttgart
  • Mary Luz Parra Ruge Centro de Investigaciones Paleontológicas, km 4 Vía Santa Sofía, Villa de Leyva
  • Pedro Patarroyo Departamento de Geociencias, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Bogotá, Cr. 30 N. 45–03. Bogotá
  • Jeffrey A. Wilson Museum of Paleontology and Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of Michigan, 1105 N. University Avenue, Ann Arbor MI 48109-1085

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5710/AMGH.26.09.2019.3269

Keywords:

Thalattosuchia. Teleosauridae. late Barremian. Early Cretaceous. Villa de Leyva. Colombia. South America. Paja Formation.

Abstract

Teleosauroid extinction at the Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary has been hypothesized to be an artifact of sampling only temperate paleolatitudes. here, we describe the definitive youngest record of Teleosauroidea, from the upper Barremian of the paleotropics. The preserved material consists of dorsal vertebrae, dorsal ribs, dorsal and ventral osteoderms and epipodial remains. We refer the specimen to Teleosauroidea based on the large hourglass-shaped amphiplatyan morphology of the dorsal centra and rectangular dorsal osteoderms, which are much wider than long and have a straight anterior edge. The South American specimen is one of the largest known teleosauroids, with an estimated body length of 9.6 m. This is the first evidence of a marine crocodylomorph recorded from the Paja Formation of Colombia. The survival of Teleosauroidea in the paleotropics of northern Gondwana following the group’s extinction in europe supports the hypothesis that water temperature played a role in controlling the diversity and distribution of these large marine predators. doi: 10.5710/AMGH.26.09.2019.3269

Published

2019-12-21

How to Cite

Cortés, D., Larsson, H. C. E., Maxwell, E. E., Parra Ruge, M. L., Patarroyo, P., & Wilson, J. A. (2019). AN EARLY CRETACEOUS TELEOSAURID (CROCODYLOMORPHA: THALATTOSUCHIA) FROM COLOMBIA. Ameghiniana, 56(5), 365-379. https://doi.org/10.5710/AMGH.26.09.2019.3269

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Articles